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The 1630 Voyage of the Mary and John

Carried Phelps' from England to the Colonies

In 1630, the ship was captained by Thomas Chubb and the company was led by Roger Ludlow (1590-1664), one of the Assistants of the Massachusetts Bay Company, who was accompanied by Edward Rossiter, another Assistant to the Company.

On 20 March 1630, as part of what was later described as the Great Migration, the ship Mary & John sailed from Plymouth, England, with 140 passengers. The families were all recruited by the Rev. John White of Dorchester, Dorset. Nearly all of these families came from the West Country of England, i.e. counties of Somerset, Dorset and Devon.

The Mary and John left England on March 20, 1630 and arrived seventy days later, on May 30, 1630, at the mouth of what is now Boston harbor. two weeks before the first ships (the Arbella and three escorts), part of the Winthrop Fleet, arrived. While the Mary and John were not formally part of the Winthrop Fleet, John Winthrop (aboard the Arbella) knew of their voyage. In a letter to his wife he sent before leaving Southampton, John Winthrop wrote about the Mary and John's intended destination, which may have indicated approval of their voyage as fellow emigrants within his jurisdiction.

The ship's captain refused to sail up the Charles river as planned, because he feared running the ship aground in waters that he had no charts for. He instead left the passengers in a desolate locale miles from their intended destination. The settlors were forced to transport 150,000 pounds of livestock, provisions and equipment 20 miles overland to their final destination.

The new arrivals founded one of the first towns in Massachusetts, Dorchester, 1630, and one of the earliest in Connecticut, Windsor, five years later.

These list below was compiled by the Banks and Kuhns from a variety of sources. Some of the people on these lists, including Charles Phelps, have been proven not to have traveled on the Mary and John. For more information see "Search for the Passengers of the Mary & John 1630" Vols. 1 - 26, published by The Mary & John Clearing House and available in many library genealogy collections and occasionally found on

Name Born Banks (1) Kuhns (2) Other  
Samuel Allen 1610* NL Yes
NL not listed
* approximate
(w) wife
(s) son
(d) daughter
bold head of family or single
Thomas Bascom 1615* Yes Yes
Roger Clapp 1609 Yes Yes
Aaron Cook 1613 Yes Yes
Nicholas Denslow 1573 Yes Yes
   Elizabeth Doling (w) 1584 Yes Yes
   Temperance Denslow (d) 1609 NL NL
   Joan Denslow (d) 1622 NL NL
Mary Dover 1615* NL NL
John Drake 1600 Yes Yes
   Elizabeth _____ (w) 1602* Yes Yes
   Elizabeth Drake (d) 1621 NL Yes
   Mary Drake (d) 1622 NL Yes
   Jon Drake (s) 1623 Yes Yes
   John Drake (s) 1625 Yes Yes
   Jacob Drake (s) 1624 Yes NL
Nathaniel Duncan 1586 Yes Yes
   Elizabeth Jourdain (w) 1594* Yes Yes
   Nathaniel Duncan, Jr. (s) 1620 Yes Yes
   Peter Duncan (s) 1629 Yes NL
George Dyer 1579 Yes Yes
   Abigail ____ (w) 1581* Yes Yes
   Elizabeth Dyer (d) 1615 Yes NL
   Mary Dyer (d) 1617 NL Yes
Bygod Eggleston 1586/7 NL Yes
   James Eggleston (s) 1620* NL Yes
   Samuel Eggleston (s) 1620* NL Yes
   John Eggleston (s) 1625* NL NL Yes
Elizabeth Ferguson 1612* NL Yes
Thomas Ford 1589 Yes Yes
   Elizabeth Charde (w) 1587 Yes Yes
   Mary Ford (d) 1612 Yes Yes
   Joan Ford (d) 1617 Yes Yes
   Abigail Ford (d) 1619 Yes Yes
   Hepzibah Ford (d) 1625 Yes Yes
Walter Fyler 1612* NL NL
Ann Fyler 1610 NL NL
Humphrey Gallup 1600* Yes Yes
   Anne ____ (w) 1602* Yes NL
John Gallup 1590 Yes Yes
William Gaylord 1585 NL Yes
   __________ (w) 1595 NL Yes
   William Gaylord, Jr. (s) 1617* NL Yes
   Elizabeth Gaylord (d) 1618* NL Yes
   Samuel Gaylord (s) 1619 NL Yes
   John Gaylord (s) 1621 NL Yes
   Walter Gaylord (s) 1626 NL Yes
Giles Gibbs 1604* Yes Yes
   ________ (w) 1608* Yes Yes
   Gregory Gibbs (s) 1628 Yes Yes
Jonathon Gillett 1610* Yes Yes
Nathan Gillett 1613* NL Yes
Mathew Grant 1602* NL Yes
   Priscilla ______ (w) 1604* NL Yes
   Priscilla Grant (d) 1626 NL Yes
John Greenway 1585* Yes Yes
   Mary _____ (w) 1587* Yes Yes
   Elizabeth Greenway (d) 1609* Yes NL
   Ann Greenway (w) 1611* Yes NL
   Susannah Greenway (w) 1615* Yes NL
   Katherine Greenway (w) 1622* Yes NL
William Hannum 1600 Yes Yes
William Hayden 1616 NL Yes
William Hill 1595 Yes NL
   Sarah Jourdain (w) 1598 Yes NL
   Sarah Hill (d) 1621 Yes NL
   William Hill, Jr. (s) 1623* Yes NL
   Ignatius Hill (s) 1624* Yes NL
   James Hill (s) 1626* Yes NL
Thomas Holcomb 1601 NL Yes
John Holman 1602 Yes Yes
John Hoskins 1585 Yes Yes
   Thomas Hoskins (s) 1610 Yes Yes
William Hulbert 1614 NL NL
George Hull 1590 Yes Yes
Thomas Lombard 1581 NL NL
   ______ (w) 1583 NL NL
   Bernard Lombard (s) 1608 NL NL
   Thomas Lombard, Jr. (s) 1617 NL NL
   Joshua Lombard (s) 1620 NL NL
   Margaret Lombard (s) 1623 NL NL
William Lovell 1600* Yes Yes
   Wyborough (w) 1602* Yes Yes
Roger Ludlow 1590 Yes Yes
  Mary Cogan (w) 1604 Yes Yes
John Maverick 1578 Yes Yes
   Mary Gye (w) 1580 Yes Yes
   Elias Maverick (s) 1604 Yes NL
  Mary Maverick (d) 1609 Yes NL
Moses Maverick 1611 Yes NL
  Abigail Maverick (d) 1613 Yes NL
  Antipas Maverick (s) 1619 Yes NL
John Moore 1613* Yes Yes
William Phelps 1599 Yes Yes
  Anne _____ (w) 1601* Yes Yes
  William Phelps, Jr. (s) 1620 Yes Yes
  Sarah Phelps (d) 1623 Yes Yes
  Samuel Phelps (s) 1625 Yes Yes
George Phelps 1605 Yes Yes
Richard Phelps 1609 NL Yes
Humphrey Pinney 1611* Yes Yes
William Rockwell 1590 Yes Yes
  Susan Capen (w) 1602 Yes Yes
  Joan Rockwell (d) 1625 NL Yes
  John Rockwell (s) 1627 Yes Yes
Edward Rossiter 1575 Yes Yes
  _______ (w) 1577 Yes Yes
  Jane Rossiter (d) 1614 Yes Yes
  Joanne Rossiter (d) 1616 NL Yes
Nicholas Rossiter 1599 NL NL
  Anne _______ (w) 1601* NL NL
  Edward Rossiter (s) 1628 NL NL
Bryan Rossiter 1610 Yes Yes
  Elizabeth Alsop (w) 1612* NL NL
Hugh Rossiter 1615 NL Yes
Richard Southcoat 1600* Yes Yes
Thomas Stroughton 1592 NL Yes
  Thomas Stroughton, Jr. (s) 1624 NL Yes
John Strong 1613* NL Yes
Richard Silvester 1608* Yes Yes
Stephen Terry 1608 Yes Yes
Thomas Tolamn 1608 NL NL
Nicholas Upsall 1605 Yes Yes
  Dorothy Capen (w) 1607* Yes Yes
John Warham 1592 Yes Yes
  Cecelia Hatche (w) 1594 Yes Yes
  Samuel Warham (s) 1616* NL Yes
  Mary Warham (d) 1618* Yes NL
  Susannah Warham (d) 1620* Yes NL
Henry Way 1583 Yes Yes
  Elizabeth _____ (w) 1585 Yes Yes
  Elizabeth Way (d) 1608 NL Yes
  Henry Way, Jr. (s) 1610 Yes Yes
  Suzannah Way (d) 1621 Yes NL
  Richard Way (s) 1624 Yes Yes
  Samuel Way (s) 1626* Yes Yes
Roger Williams 1605* Yes Yes
Henry Wolcott 1578 Yes Yes
  Elizabth Saunders (w) 1584 Yes Yes
  Henry Wolcott, Jr. (s) 1610 Yes Yes
  Christopher Wolcott (s) 1615* NL Yes
  George Wolcott (s) 1621* Yes Yes


No actual list of passengers for the 1630 voyage of the Mary and John has ever been found. Several synthetic lists have since been compiled, particularly two by Charles E. Banks (1930) and Maude Pinney Kuhns (1943).

Additional research by the Mary and John Clearing House throws additional doubt on these lists. They estimate no list is more than 50 to 70 percent accurate. For complete information, see the Mary and John Passenger List.

The Mary and John returned to Connecticut in 1634 bringing additional colonists on a second voyage.